M.D. Program

Years 3 & 4


In June of the third year, the students begin a sequence of clerkships in internal medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, psychiatry, obstetrics and gynecology, family medicine, geriatrics, and radiology. During this important phase of medical education, the students become virtually full-time inhabitants of the various public and private health care affiliates of the College. The students learn to take responsibility for patient care under supervision and, during this learning process, interact with attending physicians, residents, nurses, social workers, and physician assistants. 

Learning experiences during clerkship training are very diverse and include conferences, seminars, lectures, demonstrations, ward rounds and grand rounds. But the essence of this training is, above all, interaction with patients in both inpatient and ambulatory patient environments. It is primarily through direct encounters with patients that students learn a systematic approach to patient care based upon accurate and comprehensive histories, thorough physical examinations, proper analysis and interpretation of laboratory and imaging data, understanding of disease mechanisms, formulation of rational therapeutic goals, and careful evaluation of treatment effectiveness. 

While attending to the patient's medical problems, the students are also expected to be considerate and compassionate, appreciate the influence of sociocultural and economic factors on the patient and family, acquire understanding of ethical issues in clinical decision-making, and practice high standards of professional behavior. 

At the end of year three, all students participate in a six-hour Clinical Skills Assessment, where faculty review each student's encounter and provide remedial assistance to students who do not achieve an acceptable level of clinical competence.

 Required clinical clerkships 

Year 3 

Internal Medicine General Surgery Pediatrics Psychiatry Obstetrics & Gynecology Family Medicine Radiology Geriatrics
11 weeks 8 weeks 7 weeks 6 weeks 6 weeks 4 weeks 2 weeks 2 weeks

Patients, Doctors, and Communities 




During the Ambulatory Care Program, students participate in the evaluation and therapy of adult or pediatric outpatients. Students in this program are expected to develop a sense of responsibility for continuity of patient care and appreciation of the special problems that confront the physician of first contact. Students can complete the program through a four-week experience in our Advanced Ambulatory Family Medicine, Ambulatory Medicine, or Ambulatory Pediatrics clerkships.

All students are required to do a one-month Core Subinternship in family medicine, medicine, or pediatrics as well as a one-month Selective Subinternship in family medicine, medicine, obstetrics, pediatrics, or surgery. Functioning as an integral member of the patient-care team, the subintern assumes many of the responsibilities of a first-year resident under supervision of the resident and attending physician staff.

A one-month clerkship in Neurology rounds out the four months of required senior year courses.

A major part of the senior year is a seven-month elective period. Students choose from a wide selection of electives offered by virtually every department. Through the elective program, a student may choose to obtain additional subinternship experience, further training in ambulatory medicine and primary care, or participate in a research project. Electives in clinical specialties such as cardiology, infectious disease, endocrinology, dermatology, nephrology, gastroenterology, pulmonary medicine, and emergency medicine are very popular. Also available are programs in community medicine, drug abuse, alcoholism, and geriatrics. Students may arrange to take the elective in other medical schools in the United States or abroad. Funding may be available for students to travel abroad to participate in exchange programs with overseas medical schools or obtain clinical or research experience in less developed nations.


Highlights of the clinical curriculum include:  

  1. During clerkship rotations in the third year, students from different clerkships gather together in small groups to participate in case-based discussions of topics and issues in prevention, professionalism, and ethics in a course entitled Patients, Doctors, and Communities.
  2. Seminars and conferences on topics at the cutting edge of the scientific foundations of medicine are scheduled during third year clerkships.
  3. There is enhanced emphasis on learning the fundamental skills of the physician-patient interaction, ensuring that students are adequately observed during the clinical encounter and assessing students' competence in this encounter.
  4. A new Population Health and Practice of Medicine theme curriculum has integrated concepts of community medicine, health economics, health care systems, inter-professional team care, practice management, quality improvement, and safety sciences into clerkships.


Year 4
Core Subinternship in Family Medicine, Medicine, or Pediatrics

Selective Subinternship in Family Medicine, Medicine, Obstetrics, Pediatrics, or Surgery

Ambulatory Care Program in Medicine or Pediatrics Neurology

1 month 1 month 1 month 1 month 7 months of electives available in blocks of one or two months





Scholarly Paper Requirement

Every Einstein student writes a Scholarly Paper (SP) as a requirement for graduation. This can be an opportunity to learn about a new field or to delve more deeply into an established area of interest. Students can write a research paper, a basic science review, a formal systematic review, a case report, or a paper based on a bioethical issue in medicine or research. These papers can be based on global health experiences, bench work, or library research resulting in a systematic review of existing medical literature. Montefiore’s Clinical Looking Glass is an existing data source that allows the student to explore clinical questions and can lead to an SP. Although SPs can take many forms, all students work with a mentor to develop their paper idea, write a paper proposal, and complete the SP.

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