April 26, 2015—(BRONX, NY)—Seven percent of toddlers diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) no longer met the diagnosis several years later, although most continued to have emotional, behavioral or learning problems according to a study presented April 26 at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in San Diego.
Previous studies have ...read more
Manipulating Mycobacteria—Bacteria can exchange genetic information amongst each other by transferring plasmids—small, circular DNA that are different from chromosomal DNA. Scientists capitalize on this natural process by constructing artificial plasmids to experimentally manipulate bacteria, helping them to understand the genetic basis of important traits. Since the bacterium that causes TB—Mycobacterium tuberculosis—can be lethal, labs often use the closely related M. smegmatis... read more
Diabetes and Obesity — Obese people are at increased risk for developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Chronic inflammation in abdominal fat (known as adipose tissue) can lead to insulin resistance. A study by Dr. Jeffrey Pessin in the November 2014 issue of Cell Reports offers insight into how inflammation caused by a high-fat diet is regulated within adipose... read more
Breast Cancer Risk — Obesity is a well-established risk factor for breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Prior studies by Drs. Howard Strickler and Marc Gunter and colleagues, suggested that insulin might help explain this breast cancer – obesity relationship. But whether obese women with normal insulin levels (so called “healthy-obese”) also had high breast cancer risk was unknown. In a... read more
Throughout the year, research papers and grants of note are highlighted on the Einstein website, in a section called “Research Round-up.” Explore the discoveries published in the last quarter.
Dr. Freeman is a widely recognized authority on menopause, hormone replacement therapy, osteoporosis, and vitamin D deficiency. She is currently ...read more