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Faculty Profile

Ruth Macklin, Ph.D.

Dr. Ruth Macklin

Professor, Department of Epidemiology & Population Health

Dr. Shoshanah Trachtenberg Frackman Faculty Scholar in Biomedical Ethics


Professional Interests

Interests: Research involving human subjects, multinational research, global health, ethics in reproductive health, ethical aspects of research and treatment of HIV/AIDS, human rights.

Dr. Macklin is an adviser to the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine, and a member of the Board of Directors of  the International Association of Bioethics.

She is co-director of an NIH Fogarty International Center training program in research ethics. For a description of the program, click here:


Selected Publications

Current publications (2013-2015)  Full CV available at:

Ethan Cowan and Ruth Macklin.  Resource allocation for HIV prevention: ethics and human rights.  AIDS 2013, 27:1997–1998. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283633abd                            

Pamela Valera, Stephanie Cook, Ruth Macklin, Yvonne Chang. Conducting Health Disparities Research with Criminal Justice Populations: Examining Research, Ethics, and Participation. Ethics & Behavior.  Published online 25 July 2013 DOI: 10.1080/10508422.2013.826581. Volume 24, Number 2 (2014): 164-174.

 Ruth Macklin, Lois Shepherd, Alice Dreger, et al. The OHRP and SUPPORT: Another View. New England Journal of Medicine (2013). July 11, 2013  Vol. 369 No. 2. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1308015 e3(1)-(3).

 Ruth Macklin and Lois Shepherd.   Informed Consent and Standard of Care: What Must be Disclosed.  American Journal of Bioethics, Vol. 13, No. 12 (2013): 9-13.

 Ethan Cowan and Ruth Macklin.  Is PrEP Ready for Prime Time Use in HIV Prevention Research?  AIDS 2013 Sep 19. Epub ahead of print PMID: 24056071.

Macklin, Ruth. Screening for cervical cancer revisited: understanding implementation research.  Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. X, No. 4, October-December 2013: 251-253.

Macklin, Ruth. Cluster Randomized Trials: Another Look. Hastings Center Report 44 (2014): 1-7.

Macklin, Ruth. Studying Vulnerable Populations in the Context of Enhanced Vulnerability. In: Dónal O'Mathúna, et al. (eds.). Disaster Bioethics: Normative Issues When Nothing is Normal (Springer, 2014).

Macklin, Ruth. Ethical Challenges in Implementation Research. Public Health Ethics (2014) 7 (1): 86-93. doi: 10.1093/phe/phu003.First published online: February 24, 2014.

C. Saenz, E. Heitman, F. Luna, S. Litewka, K. Goodman, R. Macklin. (2014).  Twelve years of Fogarty-Funded Bioethics Training in Latin America and the Caribbean: Achievements and Challenges. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 80–91. print issn 1556-2646, online issn 1556-2654.

Macklin, Ruth. Research, Multinational. Encylopedia of Bioethics, 4th Edition.Edited by Bruce Jennings. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA, 2014.

Jessica Cohen, Anna Mastroianni, and Ruth Macklin.  Ethical issues for late-stage trials of multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) for HIV and pregnancy. Published in final edited form as: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Nov 2014; 127(2): 221–224.  Published online Jul 22, 2014. doi:  10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.07.012

Macklin R. Judicial, legislative, and professional attempts to restrict pregnant women's autonomy. Virtual Mentor. 2014;16:827-834. Accessed October 1, 2014.

Macklin, Ruth. Can one do good medical ethics without principles?  Journal of Medical Ethics 2014; 2015;41:75-78 doi:10.1136/medethics-2014-102354

Macklin, Ruth. Double Standards in multinational research. Bioética: saúde, pesquisa, educação, Volume 2. Conselho Federal de Medicina,, Sociedade Brasileira de Bioética, 2014: 59-75

Macklin, Ruth. Respect for Cultural Diversity and Pluralism.  In: Henk A.M.J. ten Have and Bert Gordijn (eds).  Compendium of Global Bioethics.  Springer, 2014. ISBN: 978-94-007-2511-9 (Print) 978-94-007-2512-6 (Online).

Macklin, Ruth. Justice, Equal Opportunities, and HIV/AIDS Treatment. In: John Coggon, Sarah Chan, Soren Holm, and Thomasine Kushner (eds.). From Reason to Practice in Bioethics: An Anthology Dedicated to the Works of John Harris (Manchester: The University of Manchester Press, 2015).

In Conversation: Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan, and Frances Kissling Discuss the Marlise Munoz Case, Advance Directives, and Pregnant Women. IJFAB (in press).

Macklin, Ruth. More on SUPPORT:  the controversy continues. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics,  Vol XII No 3 July-September 2015: 169-172.  ISSN 0974 - 8466 (print), ISSN 0975 - 5691 (online).

Hankins, Catherine, Macklin, Ruth, and Warren, Mitchell.  Translating PrEP effectiveness into public health impact: key considerations for decision-makers on cost effectiveness, price, regulatory issues, distributive justice and advocacy for access. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2015, 18(Suppl 3):19973.



More Information About Dr. Ruth Macklin

Ruth Macklin PhD | Albert Einstein College of Medicine

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Media Coverage interviews Dr. Ruth Macklin about the ethical and social consequences of NFL quarterback Peyton Manning’s decision to try an experimental stem cell treatment, not approved by the FDA, for a bulging disk in his neck.

PRI's The World interviews Ruth Macklin, Ph.D., about the ethics of offering a genetic test for Huntington's disease to study subjects who helped create the test.

More media coverage