Faculty Profile

Dr. Ruth Macklin, Ph.D.

Ruth Macklin, Ph.D.

Distinguished University Professor Emerita, Department of Epidemiology & Population Health

Areas of Research: Ethics in research with human beings, ethics and human reproduction, global health, ethics in HIV research and treatment, ethics and health policy

Professional Interests

Dr. Macklin is Professor Emerita at Einstein.  She retired from her full-time faculty position on June 30, 2016 after 39 years on the faculty. However, she continues her research, writing, and consulting in bioethics. Her chief research interests are:  Research involving human subjects, multinational research, global health, ethics in reproductive health, ethical aspects of research and treatment of HIV/AIDS, human rights.

Dr. Macklin has been an adviser to the World Health Organization and UNAIDS.  She is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine, a past president of the International Association of Bioethics and a former member of the Association's Board of Directors. She has received several lifetime achievement awards.


Selected Publications

Current publications (2013-2016)  Full CV available at: https://www.dropbox.com/home/Einstein?preview=CV+8_15.docx

Ethan Cowan and Ruth Macklin.  Resource allocation for HIV prevention: ethics and human rights.  AIDS 2013, 27:1997–1998. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283633abd                            

Pamela Valera, Stephanie Cook, Ruth Macklin, Yvonne Chang. Conducting Health Disparities Research with Criminal Justice Populations: Examining Research, Ethics, and Participation. Ethics & Behavior.  Published online 25 July 2013 DOI: 10.1080/10508422.2013.826581. Volume 24, Number 2 (2014): 164-174.

 Ruth Macklin, Lois Shepherd, Alice Dreger, et al. The OHRP and SUPPORT: Another View. New England Journal of Medicine (2013). July 11, 2013  Vol. 369 No. 2. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1308015 e3(1)-(3).

 Ruth Macklin and Lois Shepherd.   Informed Consent and Standard of Care: What Must be Disclosed.  American Journal of Bioethics, Vol. 13, No. 12 (2013): 9-13.

 Ethan Cowan and Ruth Macklin.  Is PrEP Ready for Prime Time Use in HIV Prevention Research?  AIDS 2013 Sep 19. Epub ahead of print PMID: 24056071.

Macklin, Ruth. Screening for cervical cancer revisited: understanding implementation research.  Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. X, No. 4, October-December 2013: 251-253.

Macklin, Ruth. Cluster Randomized Trials: Another Look. Hastings Center Report 44 (2014): 1-7.

Macklin, Ruth. Studying Vulnerable Populations in the Context of Enhanced Vulnerability. In: Dónal O'Mathúna, et al. (eds.). Disaster Bioethics: Normative Issues When Nothing is Normal (Springer, 2014).

Macklin, Ruth. Ethical Challenges in Implementation Research. Public Health Ethics (2014) 7 (1): 86-93. doi: 10.1093/phe/phu003.First published online: February 24, 2014.

C. Saenz, E. Heitman, F. Luna, S. Litewka, K. Goodman, R. Macklin. (2014).  Twelve years of Fogarty-Funded Bioethics Training in Latin America and the Caribbean: Achievements and Challenges. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 80–91. print issn 1556-2646, online issn 1556-2654.

Macklin, Ruth. Research, Multinational. Encylopedia of Bioethics, 4th Edition.Edited by Bruce Jennings. Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA, 2014.

Jessica Cohen, Anna Mastroianni, and Ruth Macklin.  Ethical issues for late-stage trials of multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) for HIV and pregnancy. Published in final edited form as: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Nov 2014; 127(2): 221–224.  Published online Jul 22, 2014. doi:  10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.07.012

Macklin R. Judicial, legislative, and professional attempts to restrict pregnant women's autonomy. Virtual Mentor. 2014;16:827-834. http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2014/10/msoc1-1410.html. Accessed October 1, 2014.

Macklin, Ruth. Can one do good medical ethics without principles?  Journal of Medical Ethics 2014; 2015;41:75-78 doi:10.1136/medethics-2014-102354

Macklin, Ruth. Double Standards in multinational research. Bioética: saúde, pesquisa, educação, Volume 2. Conselho Federal de Medicina,, Sociedade Brasileira de Bioética, 2014: 59-75

Macklin, Ruth. Respect for Cultural Diversity and Pluralism.  In: Henk A.M.J. ten Have and Bert Gordijn (eds).  Compendium of Global Bioethics.  Springer, 2014. ISBN: 978-94-007-2511-9 (Print) 978-94-007-2512-6 (Online).

Macklin, Ruth. Justice, Equal Opportunities, and HIV/AIDS Treatment. In: John Coggon, Sarah Chan, Soren Holm, and Thomasine Kushner (eds.). From Reason to Practice in Bioethics: An Anthology Dedicated to the Works of John Harris (Manchester: The University of Manchester Press, 2015).

In Conversation: Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan, and Frances Kissling Discuss the Marlise Munoz Case, Advance Directives, and Pregnant Women. IJFAB (in press).

Macklin, Ruth. More on SUPPORT:  the controversy continues. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics,  Vol XII No 3 July-September 2015: 169-172.  ISSN 0974 - 8466 (print), ISSN 0975 - 5691 (online).

Hankins, Catherine, Macklin, Ruth, and Warren, Mitchell.  Translating PrEP effectiveness into public health impact: key considerations for decision-makers on cost effectiveness, price, regulatory issues, distributive justice and advocacy for access. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2015, 18(Suppl 3):19973.

Macklin, Ruth.  Not all cultural traditions deserve respect. J Med Ethics 2015; 0:1.doi:10.1136/medethics-2015-103027. Published Online First.

Macklin, Ruth.  Commentary on McRae et al. Clinical Trials.  2016. DOI: 10.1177/1740774516629408.

Macklin, Ruth. NIDA's Pharmacologic Calvinism.  The American Journal of Bioethics, 16(4), 48-49, Apr 2016. ISSN 1526-5161; EISSN 1536-0075.

Macklin, Ruth. Conflict of Interest and Bias in Bioethics. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, published online August 8, 2016.

Macklin, Ruth. Schuklenk’s critique of the CIOMS guidelines:  All procedure, no substance. Indian J Med Ethics. Published online on March 28, 2017.  Vol II No 3 July-September 2017; 173-175. 

Mackliin, Ruth. Challenges Working with Presidential Bioethics Commissions. Goals and Practice of Public Bioethics: Reflections on National Bioethics Commissions, special report, Hastings Center Report 47, no. 3 (2017): S39-41. DOI: 10.1002/hast.719.

Shepherd L, Macklin R. Erosion of informed consent in U.S. research. Bioethics. 2018;00:1–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12532

Macklin, Ruth. Justice and Global Research. Jeffrey P. Kahn, Anna C. Mastroianni, and Jeremy Sugarman (eds), Beyond Consent (Second Edition), Oxford University Press, 2018.

Macklin, Ruth. The “Global Gag Rule”: Curtailing Women’s Reproductive Rights. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics. DOI: 10.20529/IJME.2019.015




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Research Information

In the News

New York Times quotes Dr. Ruth Macklin on the ethics of using prisoners to study dietary sodium levels.

ABC.com interviews Dr. Ruth Macklin about the ethical and social consequences of NFL quarterback Peyton Manning’s decision to try an experimental stem cell treatment, not approved by the FDA, for a bulging disk in his neck.

More media coverage