M.D. Program

Years 3 & 4


In June of the third year, the student begins a sequence of clerkships in internal medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, psychiatry, obstetrics and gynecology, family medicine, geriatrics and radiology. During this important phase of medical education, the student becomes virtually a full-time inhabitant of the various public and private health care affiliates of the College. The student learns to take responsibility for patient care under supervision and during this learning process interacts with attending physicians, residents, nurses, social workers and physician assistants. 

Learning experiences during clerkship training are very diverse, including conferences, seminars, lectures, demonstrations, ward rounds and grand rounds; but the essence of this training is, above all, interaction with patients in both inpatient and ambulatory patient environments. It is primarily through direct encounters with patients that the student learns a systematic approach to patient care based upon accurate and comprehensive histories, thorough physical examinations, proper analysis and interpretation of laboratory and imaging data, understanding of disease mechanisms, formulation of rational therapeutic goals, and careful evaluation of treatment effectiveness. 

While attending to the patient's medical problems, the student is also expected to be considerate and compassionate, appreciate the influence of sociocultural and economic factors on the patient and family, acquire understanding of ethical issues in clinical decision-making, and practice high standards of professional behavior. 

At the end of year three, each student participates in a six-hour assessment of history- taking, physical examination and differential diagnosis skills through the use of standardized patients. Each student's encounter with a standardized patient is reviewed with faculty, and remedial assistance is provided to students who do not achieve an acceptable level of clinical competence.

 Required clinical clerkships 

Year 3 

Internal Medicine 

11 weeks 

Pediatrics medicine  

7 weeks 

Psychiatry medicine  

6 weeks 

Obstetrics & Gynecology  

6 weeks 

General Surgery  

8 weeks 

Family Medicine  

4 weeks 

Radiology medicine  

2 weeks 

Geriatric Medicine  

2 weeks 

Patients, Doctors, and Communities 




During the Ambulatory Care Program, students participate in the evaluation and therapy of adult or pediatric outpatients. Students in this program are expected to develop a sense of responsibility for continuity of patient care and appreciation of the special problems that confront the physician of first contact.

Every student is required to do a two-month Subinternship in medicine, pediatrics or adolescent medicine. Functioning as an integral member of the patient-care team, the subintern assumes many of the responsibilities of a first-year resident under supervision of the resident and attending physician staff.

A one-month clerkship in Neurology rounds out the four months of required senior year courses.

A major part of the senior year is an elective period of seven months duration. Students choose from a wide selection of electives offered by virtually every department. Through the elective program, a student may choose to obtain additional subinternship experience, further training in ambulatory medicine and primary care, or participate in a research project. Electives in clinical specialties such as cardiology, infectious disease, endocrinology, dermatology, nephrology, gastroenterology, pulmonary medicine and emergency medicine are very popular. Also available are programs in community medicine, drug abuse, alcoholism, and geriatrics. Many electives may be arranged to be taken in other medical schools in the United States or abroad. Funding is available for students to travel abroad to participate in exchange programs with overseas medical schools or obtain clinical or research experience in less developed nations.

Recent developments in the clinical curriculum: 

  1. During clerkship rotations in the third year, students from different clerkships gather together in small groups to participate in case-based discussions of topics and issues in prevention, professionalism and ethics in a course entitled Patients, Doctors and Communities.
  2. Seminars and conferences on topics at the cutting edge of the scientific foundations of medicine are scheduled during third year clerkships.
  3. There is enhanced emphasis on learning the fundamental skills of the physician-patient interaction, ensuring that students are adequately observed during the clinical encounter and assessing students' competence in this encounter.

Required clinical experiences and electives 

Year 4
Subinternship in Family Medicine or Medicine or Pediatrics

Ambulatory Care Program in Medicine, Pediatrics or
Family Medicine

2 months 1 month 1 month 7 months of electives available in blocks of one or two months





Scholarly Paper Requirement

Every Einstein student writes a Scholarly Paper (SP) as a requirement for graduation. This can be an opportunity to learn about a new field or to delve more deeply into an established area of interest. Students can write a research paper, a basic science review, a formal systematic review, a case report, or a paper based on a bioethical issue in medicine or research. These papers can be based on global health experiences, bench work, or library research resulting in a systematic review of existing medical literature. Montefiore’s Clinical Looking Glass is an existing data source that allows you to explore clinical questions and can lead to an SP. Although SPs can take many forms, all students work with a mentor to develop their paper idea, write a paper proposal, and to complete the SP.

The SP is based on the student’s research project, written in a form that is suitable for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. A key element is that all SPs are conducted under the guidance of the student’s mentor. The form and scope of the paper will vary and are determined by the discipline, research question, and methodology. Given the demands and time constraints of medical school, it is critical that students work with their mentors to develop feasible research projects. Furthermore, it is recommended that planning for the SP begins during your first summer, and that dedicated time to complete the SP is incorporated into your academic schedule.

Scholarly Paper Options 

Original Research Paper: Clinical Investigation 

Original Research Paper: Translational/Basic Science 

Review Paper: Formal Systematic Review/Meta-Analysis 

Review Paper: Translational/Basic Science Review 

Bioethical Paper 

Case Report or Series 

Other SPs 

Literature Review

Please visit Research Opportunities and associated pages for resources and more information.

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